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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "PETER FISHER" <P_FISHER101@YAHOO.CO.IN> (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 30 May 2005 20:18:15 +0100


My name isPETER FISHER and I have $12 million dollars free funds to
invest over some period of years. I need an experienced/ reliable
foreign investor who can partner with me and invest this money. To show the
seriousness in this offer, I will provide any money that will be
required by the credit nominee or financial agent that will process this
transaction for us.


1) You must have a good and strong bank account that can carry this
amount ($12milliom).
2) You will be given 25% of the money or investment while I have 75%
since I’m going to take care of all expenses.
3) Reply back with all your contact details. Tel and fax numbers,
contact address.
4) Little info of your business and a project plan on the investment.
If you are interested pleasecontact me urgently as need to complete
this transaction within the next one/two weeks. You can call me on
Thanking you for your understanding. Expecting your immediate response.

Peter Fisher.

Anti-fraud resources: