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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "frank kagoro" <>
Date: Mon, 30 May 2005 21:22:50 +0000
Subject: Atten:Friend

Good day,

Difficulties encountered in efforts to establish a business abroad
necessitate this search for someone to assist me in securing and investing
the sum of USD49.6,000.000 (fourty Nine Million,six hundrend thousand US
dollars)inherited from my father's business reserve.

I am the heir of a Zimbabwean family, my father was an agriculturist. He
became rich from his old-aged investment in agriculture and later was
victimized by President Robert Mugabe's land reform policy. He was
assassinated by unknown gunmen for defending his land ownership and siding
the minority white farmers. Before his death, my father foresaw the
insecurity of both our lives and property then decided to deposit the above
sum with a private finance and security firm in Ghana. This money has become
the only inherited property of our family since our home was burnt,and the
farmlands and machines seized yet the government and it's loyalists are
bent on making life difficult for us.

To summarise this traumatic story, my mother and I have decided to offer 25%
of the above sum to anyone who assists us to secure this funds overseas or
35% share for possible help on investing in any reliable venture. if you
would want to proceed under these terms,please reply for detailed
information. if you do not accept my offer,please in good fate treat with
utmost confidentiality. A quick reply with your name,telephone and fax
numbers for more confidential communication will be highly appreciated.My
private email is

Yours Sincerely ,
Frank Kagoro.

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Anti-fraud resources: