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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Kema Madu" <> (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 31 May 2005 13:04:23 +0400
Subject: GOOD DAY

It is my wish to inform you about my interest of
investment/partnership with you. I am a Liberian, Now in a

I inherit a large sum of money from my late father which is
$12.Million USD, my late father who was a Senior Government
official before he died during the advent of war in my
country Liberia, but before the war started he took all his
money away and lodged with a DIPLOMATIC SECURITY COMPANY IN

Now that I am the only benefactor to this fund I now look
for a trusted GOD fearing investor to be my beneficiary for the claim of this fund deposited in the DIPLOMATIC SECURITY COMPANY IN DUBAI.

I had map out the percentage for the beneficiary status of the fund, the percentage is as follows 10% for the miscellaneous expenses that is going to be incure, 25% for the beneficiary (you),55% for the investment then you keep the rest 10% for me in a domiciliary account.
This transaction is 100% risk free so you can contact me anytime through this email
Expecting your urgent response.
Best Regards
Mr Kema Madu.

Anti-fraud resources: