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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Clarence Moniba" <> (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 6 Jun 2005 15:02:05 +0100
Subject: gold offer

Dear Sir,
Complement of the day to you. I am from the republic of Liberia in Africa. I am presently living in the Senegal Dakar with my sister.
My late father was a Vice President and a Gold miner in Liberia before he died. I have with me 96 kilograms of AU Metal Gold Dust, which my father kept in the Security Company as family treasure before he died.
While we were in Liberia last month during the burial of my mother I discovered the certificate of deposit, which my father kept in the underground safe, indicating the particular Security Company where these items are in the Senegal.

I only want some one who is a God fearing man assist us sell this Gold in your country and further assist myself and sister to further our education in your country. We wish to sell each kilo for $7.500 USD. We shall further need your help to invest part of the money into any business you consider profitable.

At your request the document for the safekeeping shall be sent to you.
Upon the receipt of your Fax and phone number.
I look forward to hear from you soonest.
Best regard
Clarence Moniba Email: Or

Anti-fraud resources: