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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Chief Ayim <>
Date: Tue, 18 Oct 2005 02:24:30 +0100
Subject: Chief

Dear Sir/Madam

You might be surprised to receive this since we have never met or seen
before. I am Chief Ayim Pius Ayim, Former Senate President of Nigeria.

While I was the senate president, I influenced many crude oil transactions
at the Bonny Light crude terminal here in Nigeria where I made some money
from. But as a former government official, it is not safe for me to invest
this amount of money here for security and safety reasons.

This is why I seek your involvement to receive and invest in your country
the sum of $29.4 Million USD on my behalf.

30% of the above sum will be given to you, while 5% will be for expenses
both parties might incur to conclude this transaction while 65% will be for
me which you will invest and managed for me.

The funds at the moment is in a security finance company here in Nigeria.

I expect to hear from you immediately if you are a honest person and
willing to do this.

Best Regards,

Chief Ayim Pius

Anti-fraud resources: