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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hope Johnson" <>
Date: Wed, 26 Oct 2005 13:43:05 +0000
Subject: Hope Johnson


Sequel to the secretive arrangement in regards of the
Shipment of funds, I wish to inform you that all
necessary modalities have been automatically concluded
and has left South Africa to Europe via to a foreign
beneficiary today by Express Cargo Flight.

Note carefully the content of the crates is
"MONEY".The funds which amount to thirty Million
United States Dollars Only is to be retrieved by a
foreigner to have the foreign touch it desire as I am
making it as a deal with you. but I did not disclose
the actual content to the Courier Services as Money,
rather I informed them that the crate contain Vital
"DIPLOMATIC DOCUMENTS" belonging to my client (That's

In case you are wondering who is write you my name is
Mr. Hope Johnson, the head of dept international
AFRICA. My bank is among the banks accredited to pay
foreign contractors this year of their over due
contract payment which I am directly in charge of.

This fund in question is resulted from over invoice
contract sum, which my late partner initiated a
diplomatic means to move the funds abroad to avoid
bank-to-bank transfer, which will cost us too much
taxes, I have also received a call from the diplomat
that he has already deposited the boxes in a vault in
Europe waiting to be delivered to you the beneficiary.

Furthermore, the weight of the consignment is 240kg.
On No account should you disclose the content of the
Crates with the Diplomatic Courier Services for, fear
of Betrayal.

So do not allow them to know that the Content is
money, revealed this mail, is the two trunk boxes
that contains the very sum of thirty Million United
States Dollars Only on hearing from I,will send the
picture of funds when it was been counted by my bank
officials and arranged in trunk box for onward
shipment and the other picture was taken when the
Diplomatic official went to cargo the boxes at the
International Airport.

As soon as you contact me with your present complete
contact details,I will give you the diplomatic
registration codes and the secret code numbers to the
lodgement codes.

Reply immediately with your full name,address,tel/fax
number for easy communication.

Get back to me as soon as you get this message.

Mr.Hope Johnson.

Anti-fraud resources: