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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Fraud email example:

From: "fredson henry" <>
Date: Wed, 14 Dec 2005 01:18:32 +0000
Subject: please respond to this message

Re: will execution
I wish to accost you with a request that would be of immense benefit
to both of us. Being an executor of WILL, it is possible that we may be
tempted to make fortune out of our client’s situations, when we cannot
help it, or left with no better option. The issue I am presenting to
you is about my client who WILL a fortune to his next-of-kin. It
was most unfortunate that he and his next-of-kin died on the same day
in the sharja plane crash of Tuesday 10 February 2004.
I am now faced with confusion of who to pass the fortune to.
to the English law, the fortune is supposed to be bequeathed to the
government. However, I don’t belong to that school of thought which
proposes that the fortune of unlucky people be given to the
My purpose of contacting you is to seek your assistance to act as the
of the WILL, and lay claim to the legacy(12.4million pounds sterling),
which this my unfortunate client bequeathed to his next-of-kin. For
It is only known to me, as my client has great confident in me.
Everything will be left between you and I. The share would be 25% for
you and 75% for me. All I have to do is to amend the WILL stating you as the
beneficiary to the 12.4million pounds sterling.

As I am yet to get your consent on this issue, I prefer
not to divulge my full identity so as not to risk being debarred. The
English Bar considers it a breach of the oath of the English Bar Council. I
need not emphasize to you that the sensitivity of this issue need not be
toyed with by neglecting its confidentiality. Due to the risk involve and
also the activities of fruadsters now rampant on the internet,and until I am
sure of your consent,full cooperation and genuine willingness to assist me
for our mutual benefit, I would prefer that we maintain correspondence by

At this point I want to assure you that your true consent, full
cooperation and confidentiality are all that are required for us to
take full advantage of this great opportunity. This is an opportunity
that people rarely have. I look forward to hearing from you soon.

you can reach me also on this email address:

Yours truly,

Barr.Henry Fredson.

Anti-fraud resources: