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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Fraud email example:

From: "Steve Okoye" <>
Date: Wed, 14 Dec 2005 13:50:39 +0000

My name is Mr.Steve Okoye ; I am the chief Accountant of abank here in
Nigeria.I would want to use this medium aftergoing through your profile to
seek for assistance in abusiness transaction which is of mutual benefit.A
foreigner late Mr. David Hardy who is from United States,an Oil
Merchant/Contractorwith the Federal Government ofNigeria, until his death in
a ship mishap,who banked withus at our Bank and had a closing balance
ofUS$21.5million,whichthe bank now expect any of his available nextof kin to

To this regards, I have been directed by the board ofTrustees of the bank to
notify the deceased next of kin,which I have done and found out that he has
no next of kin,which means that this funds will be lost to
thegovernment,which we all know will be stolen. In order toavert this
development,myself and some of my trustedcolleagues in the bank now seek
your indulgenceto have you stand as late Mr.David Hardy's next of kin sothat
the fund will be subsequently transferred and paidinto your foreign account.
On indicating your interest, all documents and proofs toenable you get
thisfunds will be carefully worked out andwe are assuring you a
100%riskfreetransaction.You will be
allowed to retain 30% of the total amount afterthetransaction.If this
proposal is okay by you, and you wishtotake advantage of the trust bestowed
on you reply thismail to enable me furnish you with relevant details to
Kindly contact me through this e-mail:

Best regards and God Bless
Steve Okoye


Anti-fraud resources: