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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Fraud email example:

From: "Goke Adara" <>
Date: Wed, 14 Dec 2005 09:13:51 -0500
Subject: Highly urgent.

Dear Friend,

I advise you to read this message carefully. My name is
Mr Goke Adara.I represent Chief Tafa Balogun,the former IG
[Inspector General] of the Nigeria Police Force. I have a very
sensitive and confidential brief from this top executive to ask
for your partnership in re-profiling funds over US$50M.I will
notgive the details, but in summary,the funds are coming via a
swift security firm,whose name is withheld for now due to
obvious reasons and pending when we open communication. This is
a legitimate transaction.My client is willing to pay 10% [US$5
Million] for your partnership and "management fees". If you have
the interest to assist,please write me back through this e-mail
address and provide me with your confidential
telephone number,fax number and private email address .As soonas
I have these,I will provide further details and
instructions.Please keep this very confidential; we can't afford
any more political problems/scandal!
s.Also, note that this project must be concluded within the
shortest possible time.Please write back promptly.I will also
suggest you visit this news site on the internet to be better
informedabout this project.
<> I
will appreciate your swift response.

Yours faithfully,
Mr Goke Adara

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Anti-fraud resources: