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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "pch lotto" <>
Date: Wed, 18 Jan 2006 03:20:16 +0000

We are please to anounce you as one of the 5 lucky winners in the Publishers Clearing House draws held on the  17th of january 2006.All five  winners address were randomly selected from a batch of 10,000,000 international emails.Your email address emerged alongside 4 others as a category 2 winner in this year's weekly Publishers Clearing House
Consequently,you have therefore been approved for a totalpay out of 250,000(Two hundred and fifty thousand pounds) only.The following particulars are attached to your lotto payment order:
(i)   winning numbers:47-14-34-85-67-32
(ii)  email ticket number:FL 754/22/76
(iii) lotto code number:FL09622UK                               
(iv)  Ref number:FL/04/836207147/uk         
Please contact the underlisted calaims officer as soon as possible for the immediate release of your winnings:
N.B:Please quote your reference number in all correspondence with the claims officer.Winners must send their names,address,telephone number and means of identification (international passport or drivers lincence)to claims officer,via email to process the immediate payment of your prize.
!!!Once Again Congratulations!!!
Yours faithfully,

Maryann Carter
Contest Department
for Publishers Clearing House
Sweepstakes International Program
Publishers Clearing House
We also encourage you to visit our website at and take your chance to play and become part of our daily winners.Millions are won on daily basis on one of the world"s most famous free lotto                                                                                  
                                                                  &nb sp;      
    Mr leetiayan

Anti-fraud resources: