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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Paul Mabuya" <>
Date: Sat, 24 Jun 2006 20:36:06 +0100
Subject: Respond Please

FROM: Dr. Paul Mabuya.
Director of Audit & Projects, D.M.E, South Africa.

I am Paul Mabuya, Director of Audit & projects South Africa, Department of Minerals & Energy, (D.M.E). First and foremost, I apologized using this medium to contact you for a business of this magnitude, this is due to confidentiality and direct access repose on this medium and the need is very urgent. I want to count on you, as a respected person to handle this transaction with sincerity & confidentiality. I have decided to seek a confidential co-operation with you in the execution of the deal described below for the benefit of all parties and hope you will keep confidential because of the nature of the transaction.

Within the Department of Minerals & Energy where I work as the director of Audit & Projects Implementation and with the co-operation of two of my colleagues, we have in our possession as overdue payment 14.5million US dollars. Which we want to transfer abroad with the assistance and co-operation of a company or individual to receive the funds on our behalf. We are seeking your humble assistance to receive the fund on our behalf.

This amount (US$14.5m) represents the balance of the total contract value executed on behalf of my department by a foreign contracting company which we the officials over-invoiced deliberately. Though the actual contract cost have been paid to the original contractor, leaving the balance of the US$14.5m. Which we have in principle gotten approvals from the department of Finance and the contract review and payment committee to pay out the fund. It does not matter whether you or your company does foreign contract projects, as a transfer of power and privileges with details & change of information to reflect payment in favour of you or your company will be secured on behalf of you or your company.

We will compensate you with 25 % (3.625million) for your assistance rendered, 10 % (1.450million) will be set aside for expenses that will be incurred during the transaction process and the remaining 65 % (9.425million) will be for me and my colleagues.

(1) we are handicapped in this circumstance as civil servants, the South Africa Civil Service code of conduct does not permit us to own foreign Bank account, hence your importance in the whole transaction.

(2) Also, as civil servants we will not be able to handle the transaction alone successfully without assistance from a reliable foreign partner like you.

Your area of trade or specialization is not a hindrance to the successful execution of this transaction. I have reposed my confidence in you and hope that you will not disappoint me.

I want to assure you that I and my colleagues are in the position to make the payment of this fund to you possible, without any hindrance. Also this transaction is 100% legal, safe and risk free, and will not contradict any laws in your country. Please remember to treat this matter as very confidential, and remember once again that time is of the essence in this business.

Please, endeavor to contact me immediately through my above email: to confirm your interest to assist me.


Dr. Paul Mabuya.

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