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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Mon, 24 Jul 2006 02:18:58 -0700
Subject: =?iso-8859-1?Q?PLEASE=20REPLY=20URGENTLY=21=21=21=21?=

Name: Gideon Aghogho.

Dear friend,

I am Engr.Gideon Aghogho, a senior manager, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural
Resources (MPNR) Lagos, who has been delegated by my colleagues to seek
the assistance of a reliable foreign company or individual into whose bank
account we can discreetly transfer the sum of $16mUSD(Sixteen Million U.S.
Dollars Only) under our perfected modalities.

These funds arose from a deliberate over-invoicing of contract bills of
contracts, awarded by the ministry of petroleum and natural resources(MP&NR)during
the administration of the former military dictator late,General who died
on 7th June 1998. Since then the money has been lying in the suspense account
of Ministry of Petroleum &Natural Resources with the Central Bank of Nigeria(CBN)(Government
bankers).However, the current favorable political/Economical climate in
the country now presents an opportunity for this money to be Transferred
out of our country without any hitches - as we hope and believe it would
be of mutual benefit to us all.

Already, we have put in motion the complete machinery and modalities to
enhance successful commencement and completion of this transaction and further
actions will commence the moment we hear from you. We have agreed that after
the transfer of the money into your account, you shall be entitled to a
cut of the total sum, which will be arrived at subject to negotiation.5%
is earmarked for reimbursement on minor incidental expenses that may be
incurred during the course of this transaction.
Conclusively, the nature of your business is not particularly relevant for
the success of this transaction. All we require is your willingness to co-operate
with us,and also an assurance that our Share of the funds will be given
to us when the money arrives your account. Most importantly, we have taken
all necessary precautions to ensure a no risk situation on the side of both
parties as this transaction is expected to be through within 7 to 10 working
days. Please if the proposal is acceptable to you,contact me immediately
through this email address or my confidential email address (

However, if you are not interested, kindly disregard the contents of this
letter. It is advisable to include your private Telephone and Fax numbers
while replying for easy and effective communication. The trust we have reposed
in you at this point is enormous and cannot be over-emphasized.

We await your prompt response to this proposal, so we can commence here.Do
forward your response to this email address or my confidential email address(

Best Regards.

Engr.Gideon Aghogho.

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