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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Robert Chavez" <>
Date: Tue, 26 Sep 2006 13:15:15 +0100

I am Mr.Robert Chavez, Branch Manager of one of the banks in London,United Kingdom.During our investigation and auditing in this bank,my department came across a very huge sum of money belonging to a wealthy and now deceased customer of our Bank who died on 25 July 2000 in a plane crash in Gonesse,France.

Directives and needed information will be relayed to you as soon as you indicate your interest and willingness to assist us.
Please get back to me on my personal email

Yours faithfully,
Mr.Robert Chavez

Anti-fraud resources: