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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Gary James <>
Date: Sat, 28 Oct 2006 17:01:12 +0200 (CEST)

Attn: sir/madam,

I am Mr. Gary James; I am a Branch Manager in one of the leading Banks here in Ghana, West Africa.

I will like to do a very brief business with you, there is a dormant
Account In my bank, with a credit balance (usd$ ten million united
State Dollars which has been dormant for about five years now, on my further Investigation, I Discovered that the owner of this account, a foreigner {Mr. Jason Daniel} who Died five years ago in a motor accident.

What I need from you is to use your name as the beneficiary and next of Kin to the original account owner. Upon this I will then use my position as the Manager to give clearance for onward remittance of this fund into your Designated Bank account.

I will supply you with all the necessary information about the Account, which you will present to the bank through a lawyer (which I will introduce to you), after the bank has Accepted your application, then I will move ahead to destroy every document Associated With this business, and we will go ahead to share this fund at a ratio of 30 and 65 percent, 30% for your services, and 65% for me, the remaining 5% will Be set aside for any expenses incurred during this transaction.

Please your urgent reply is needed so as to stop further contacts, this is for people who know the value of banking system, kindly include your Telephone and Fax numbers.

Please get back to me at my private email:


Best regard,

Mr. Gary James.

Anti-fraud resources: