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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Anthony Hole <>
Date: Sat, 18 Nov 2006 02:30:55 -0800 (PST)
Subject: UNCLAIMED ESTATE:Kees Bosman

From The Office Of
Barrister Anthony Hole
17 Jean Paul Road
Lome Togo.

Attention: Kees Bosman ,

I am Anthony Hole .A Solicitor at law, Personal Attorney to Mr.R.Bosman , A Citizen of your country,Who was a Shell Development Company Contractor in Republic of Togo. Herein after referred to as my client. On the 21st of April 2002, My client, His wife and their only daughter were involved in an auto crash along Kara express road, All occupants of the vehicle unfortunately lost there lives.

Since then I have made several enquiries to here to locate any of my clients extended relatives,this has also proved unsuccessful. After these several unsuccessful attempts, I decided to track his last name over the Internet to locate any member of his family hence I contacted you.

I have contacted you to assist in repartrating the fund valued at US$12.5 million left behind by my client before it gets confisicated or declared unserviceable by the Security Finance Firm Lome-Togo where this huge amount was deposited on hold.
The said Firm has issued me a notice to provide the next of kin or have his account confisicated within the next twenty one official working days. Since I have been unsuccesfull in locating the relatives for over 3years now. Please, I seek the consent to present you as the next of kin to the deceased since you have the same last names, So that the proceeds of this account can be Paid/Transfered to you as the bonafide next of kin.

Therefore, On Immediate receipt of your positive response, We shall then discuss our sharing ratio and Modalities/Arrangement for this transfer. I have all necessary information and legal documents needed to back you up for this claim. All I require from you is your Honest/Absolute Cooperation to enable us see this transaction through.

I guarantee that this will be executed under legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law, Please get in touch with me through the e-mail address below for more Details/Discussions of this transfer.

Best Regards.

Miss Sarah Adam (Sec)
For Barrister Anthony Hole (Esq)

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