fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +31620925917 (Netherlands, prepaid mobile phone)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: qyrPOSTCODELOTERIJ-NL <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 21 Feb 2007 08:58:07 +0100
Subject: AWARD NOTICE:
We notify you that your email address has won you a sum of 1,000,000 euros in Postcode lotto
International in category (B) 0f the draw, with ticket No: NL/BC336791/HY07 and prize No:
PM/934107/JN, deposited with European Central Bank,this draw was held on 16th feb.,2007.
METHOD OF SELECTING WINNERS: winners were selected through an internet ballot system from
50,000 individual and companies e-mail addresses world wide - the draws were conducted around the
world through our internet based ballot system.The promotion is promoted by Postcode Loterij
To claim your Prize,send mail with your name,address,phone/fax, ticket and prize numbers to our paying
bank address written below.
Contact Person: Mr.David Meyer
Tel: +31 620 925 917
NOTE: All winnings are nullified after 10 working days from today if unclaimed.
Joan Van Henk(Lottery Coordinator)