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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Greg Morris <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 12 Apr 2007 00:22:40 -0600
Subject: Do Get Back To Me

Dear Jansen,Compliments of the day! I know that this mail will come to you as a surprise as you do not know me, but I believe that this will be the beginning of a long lasting relationship between your family and mine.It is indeed very sad to note that due to the ungodly people using the internet to perpetuate all sort of ungodly schemes, many people are not ready to trust, hence honest business proposals are being turned down.Please let me introduce my self and the reason why I am writing you, my name is Mr. Gregory Morris, I am a responsible and honest gentleman. I was the Personal Assistant to the late Mr. Dennis Jansen, an indigene of your country, who used to work as a foreign expatriate / contractor with (Anglo Gold) a South African Gold Company.On the 21st of April 2004, Dennis Jansen was involved in a car accident along the Pretoria - Johannesburg freeway. Unfortunately, he lost his live in the event of the accident, May His Soul Rest in Peace! Due to some circumstances that have prompted me to contact you, I have made several enquiries to locate any of my Boss extended relatives but this has proved unsuccessful.After these several unsuccessful attempts, I decided to trace his relatives over the Internet, to locate any member of his family hence I came across your name as you bear the same surname, I decided to contact you to assist in repatriating the money and property he left behind before they get confiscated or declared unserviceable by the Firm where these huge deposits were lodged, Particularly the Security Firm where the deceased had a deposit valued at $14.5 million Dollars.Consequently, the Security Company issued me a notice to provide the next of kin or have the deposit confiscated within a short time.Having been unsuccessful in locating any of his relatives for over some years now, I seek your consent to present you as the next of kin of the deceased since you are of same country and surname so that the proceeds of his account can be paid to you for both of us to share the money; 50% to me and 35% to you, 10% to charity, while 5% should be for expenses or tax as your government may require. I have all necessary legal documents that can be used to back up the claim. I will give you more information on these as we progress.All I require is your honest cooperation to enable us seeing this deal through. I guarantee that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you and I from any breach of the law.I beg for your Understanding, as I expect your urgent still candid response.Best regards,Greg Morris
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