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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: fani kayode <>
Date: Mon, 20 Aug 2007 20:59:22 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: URGENT

Hello Klien,

What did you mean by this? (am sure you can grasp why I am unsure).

Klien i wait your number because will need to talk on phone and moreso you check your mail once which is not the best so mail me your number and i will call you immediatelly.

I wait to recived your mail.

Alway check your mail many time daly to faslitate the business. I WILL SEND YOU the MOMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING.


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Anti-fraud resources: