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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Muktibodhananda <>
Date: Fri, 3 Aug 2007 05:22:46 +1000 (EST)

Hello Dear,
How are you doing hope you are fine,Am very sorry that am writing you this,But i have to because i really need your favour.I went on tour to visit the new world trade centre in Nigeria called (TINAPA).Unfortunately for me i got robbed by some gang of thiefs,so i have only access to emails, cos my phone and some vital documents were stolen along.please can you lend me $3,000 so i can return back and settle the hotel bills i will return it back to you as soon as i get to Australia.Am really confused as am writing you this mail.

Looking forward to your positive response.


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Anti-fraud resources: