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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: victoria adams <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 21 Aug 2007 14:11:52 +0200
Subject: Miss. Victoria Fred Leo.

Miss. Victoria Fred Leo.Abidjan Cote D Ivoire.West Africa.
My Dear,
This message might meet you in utmost surprise, however,it's just my urgent need for assistance that made me to contact you for this transaction.
I got your email addres on the interent during my serach for this assistance
I, am Victoria Fred Leo,the only daughter to later Mr.Ruth Fred Leo An American oil Contractor with the Ivoirien Solid Minerals Corporation, here in Abidjan Ivory Coast. My father died in an auto Crash in september 2006. later later father Mr. Ruth Fred leo before his untimely death, made some deposit of funds with a finance firm here and did not declare any next of kin to the said fund deposit at the time of deposit. I made the deposit with him my mother and his lawyer then.
Where you come in is that I needed your good collaboration to pull out these funds to overseas for investments because, he left with me the deposit information and no body could come around to lay claim if not I and a foriegner in good collaboration with us here according his agrement with the Company.
Kindly get back to me inorder to bring you to the detail arrangement to move out the funds accross to your destination.
Miss. Victoria Fred Leo.

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Anti-fraud resources: