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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: daniel west <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 29 Sep 2007 03:44:58 +0100
Subject: Dear Sir/Madam

Dear Sir/Madam

I am a financial consultant based in Republic of Benin.Its give me the responsibility and keen interest in contacting you.I have a client (a widow) who is one of the wives of One of the late Muslim Million casualties who lost their lives in the plane crash that happened in Abuja Nigeria,late Ibrahim Muhammadu,sultan of Sokoto.She has fund with a private equity investment trust Finance House here in Benin Republic for safe keeping only. She wishes to invest in a stable economy. Her interest is in companies with potentials for rapid growth in long terms.See Details on;

My client is interested in investing part of her fund under your advise, if yourcountry laws allows foreign investment.We are looking forward to your urgent response with your contact details to (

Yours faithfully,Mr.Daniel WestPrincipal Consultant
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Anti-fraud resources: