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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Steve Bailey <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2007 17:02:13 +0100
Subject: From Steve and Jane

From Steve and Jane Abidjan-Cote d'Ivoire My Dear, I am delighted to write to you.My name is Steve Bailey 22 while my younger sister Jane is 20 yrs. We are orphans being that we lost our father a couple of months ago. My father was a serving director of the Cocoa exporting board until his death. He was assassinated last january by the rebels following the political uprising. Before his death he had a foreign account here in Côte d´Ivoire up to the tune of $9m (Nine Million United States Dollars) which he told the bank was for the importation of cocoa processing machine. Now we have decided to invest these money in your country or anywhere safe enough outside Cote d'Ivoire for security and political reasons.I want you to help me and younger sister claim and receive the funds which will be transferred to your account to enable you plan for the investment in your Country I will like to invest part of the money into these three investment in your Country but, if there is any other business that is better than my suggestion, I will be very glad to follow your advice. 1) Real estate 2) The transport industry 3) Five star hotel If you can be of an assistance to us, we are pleased to offer to you 20% Of the total fund while the balance will be invested by you. Meanwhile my late father handed over to me the copies of the Bank Deposit Slip and Agreement issued to him by the Bank. Please if you are willing to assist us, indicate your interest in replying soonest. Thanks and best regards. Steve and Jane Bailey
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