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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Prof. Charles Soludo" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2007 14:19:20 -0500

CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIAOFFICE OF THE PRESIDENCY,THE HONORABLE, GOVERNOR OF CBN.TINUBU SQUARE, LAGOS- NIGERIA. Date 13th Nov 2007.Official WebOur Ref: CBN/OHG/OXD1/2007 YourRef:.................................TELEX: CENBANK.PAYMENT FILE: CBN/BEN/06. Attn: Sir/Madam PAYMENT NOTIFICATION OF YOUR FUNDS. Definately, I know that this letter will be a surprising one to you. Firstly, I will like to introduce myself formally as Prof. Charles Soludo, The Executive Governor of The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). You are been officially contacted by me today because your Inheritance Funds were Re-depositted into the "Federal Suspense Account" of CBN last week, because you did not forward your Claim as the Right beneficiary. Well known to all. The Central Bank of Nigeria is the mother Bank of all commercial Banks here in Nigeria. Really these men were unexpected by me because their visit was imprompt. I had to ask them why they came to see me in person and they said that they were here to Collect the Inheritance Bill Sum of (US$8.5Million) which rightfully belongs to you, on your behalf. At this development I asked them who authorized them to come down to Nigeria for the Collection of this Payment and they told me that you asked them to come and collect this Funds on your Behalf. They actually tendered some Vital Documents which Proved that you actually sent them for the Collection of this Funds. Honestly, it really baffles me that you took such decision without my consent. Here are the Document which they tendered to this Bank today: 1. LETTER OF ADMINISTRATION.2. HIGH COURT INJUCTION.3. ORDER TO RELEASE. Actually, these Documents which they tendered to this Noble Bank is a clear Proof that you sent them to Collect this Funds for you. Finally, I told them to come back tommorrow morning and they promised to come back. As the Governor of this Noble Bank, I was supposed to Release this Funds to them but I refused to do so because I wanted to hear from you first. Due to the Nature of my job, I will not want to make any mistake in Releasing this Funds to anyone except you whom is the Recognised Bonafide Beneficiary to this Funds. Kindly clearify us on this issue before we make this Payment to these foreigners whom came on your behalf. OFFICIALLY SIGNED.PROF. CHARLES SOLUDO.GOVERNOR, CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA.C-B-N
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