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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: elizabeth renner <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2007 21:07:21 +0000
Subject: Good day.

Good day. I know this mail will come as suprise to you but in a brief introduction. My name is miss.Elizabeth Renner D'Alisera from Sierra Leone. I am 20 years old, It is my pleasure communicating with you for the first time and believing that it will lead to a better relationship between us. I have an inheritance that I would want to invest in your country. The amount is US$17.500.000. I want you to stand as my father business partner in claiming the money from the security and finance company here. I am ready to part with 15% of the total sum to you if only you assist me to claim the money and assist me also in investing the money in any lucrative business. I will give you more detail and forward all vital information as soon as I hear from you.
Thanks God bless
Elizabeth Renner.
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Anti-fraud resources: