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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Ghaffar Malik <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 14 Nov 2007 10:53:56 +0100

FROM MR GHAFFAR MALIK,MANAGER AUDITTING AND ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT, AFRICAN DEVELOPEMENT BANK (A..D.B)COTONOU, BENIN REPUBLIC, WEST AFRICA. Dear Friend. Greatings to you and your family and hope this mail finds you in a good condition.I am contacting you anticipating that you are a person of great dignity and integrity so based on this ,i divulge to you my identity with trust and sincerity. I am Mr.Ghaffar Malik, Manager Auditting and Accounting Department in the African Development Bank, Cotonou, Benin Republic in West Africa.(Twenty Two Million United States Dollars)USD$22M belonging to a German business magnate and property consultant, Late Andreas Schranner. The late Mr Schranner died in a plane crash on Monday, 31st July, 2000 alongside his family members. The BBC: website:Refers: I also observed that since his sudden death the bank has made frantic efforts to locate his relations, but all attempts failed.To avoid the board of directors taking advantage of the funds,I conceived the idea of contacting you so that you will stand as the next of kin,i need your unflinching support and cooperation to have the funds transferred to your nominated bank account,everything have being put to place for a smooth operation as a staff in this bank, i have all the information you will need to cliam this fund. As a civil servant still in an active service we are prohibited to operate a foreign account, therefore this is why i seek for a foreign partner who can assist in receiving this fund and at the same time advice me for a lucrative business investment which he will be managing or on the other hand,help me to oversee on my behalf pending when i will retire and possible come over for our investment.For this reason i am contacting you for such undertaken and if eventually you are willing and ready for such business,i have agreed to give you 30% of the total sum while i shall have 60% and the remaining 10% has been mapped out for any expenses we might encounter during the process of the transfer of the above fund. Having done a thorough feasibility study on how to perfect the transfer of the funds to your bank account, your role shall be to send an application for claim of the funds to the bank as a next of kin or business partner to the late Andreas Schranner. I also would require your contact address, telephone and fax numbers for easy communication. Please, rest assured that the business is 100% risk free and do not use the advantage to betray me once you recieve this fund into your account. I look forward to receiving your urgent response. Best wishes,Mr.Ghaffar Malik
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