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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Martin Duru <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 14 Nov 2007 10:38:31 +0000

Mr.Martin Duru.Ecobank of Lomé.126 rue de la nation,blv du mono. LOME-TOGO. West Africa

Dear Friend,

I am the director in charge of auditing and accounting section of Ecobank in Lomé - Togo ,West Africa .With due respect and regards,I have decided to contact you on a business transaction that will be very beneficial to both of us at the end of the transaction.
During a process of auditing in this bank,we have discovered the account of the late Mr.Kurt Kahle a deceased customer to this bank who, On the 25th of July 2000, the deceased, his wife and their only son died in the Air France concord plane crash bound for New York in their plan for a world cruise as you may view it in this site:
Since the demise of this customer,I have been personally watching with keen interest to see the next of kin or a relatives to the deceased but all has proved abortive as no one has come to claim his funds of US$13,450,000.00 (Thirteen Million,Four Hundred and fifty Thousand United States Dollars) which has been with our bank here for a very long time.
On this note,I decided to seek for whom the name shall be used as the next of kin to claim the fund with, as no one has come up to put claim as the next of kin or relatives to this funds,and the banking system here,does not allow such money to stay more than six years,because after six years,the money will be called back to the bank treasury account as unclaimed fixed deposit.

The request of foreigner at this juncture as a next of kin in this business is occasioned by the fact that the customer was a foreigner and a local here cannot stand as the next of kin to a foreigner.I agreed that 30% of this money will be for you as a foreign partner in respect of providing an account and assistance to see that we claim the fund,while 10% will take care of any expenses that might be incurred in the process of succeeding the transfer while the rest of the 60%,will be for me and my collegue.
I will visit you/your country for disbursement as soon as you confirmed the transfer of the fund in your account hence i am almost due for retirement.Therefore to endeavour the immediate claim and transfer of this funds to your account,you have to apply first to my bank here in Lome Togo as the next of kin to this diseased customer by indicating yourself for immediate release of the fund to any bank account of your choice where you want the money to be remitted.
Upon the receipt of your response,i will send a draft of application of claim to you which you will send to this bank here for proper investigation for the approval of the fund to you.I will not fail to bring to your notice that this business is hitch free/100% risk free so you should not entertain any actom of fear as the whole required arrangement has been perfected done for the claim of this fund.
Let me know from you if you can handle this deal with the important information i am going to furnished you.$
Hoping to hear from you.
Sincerely Yours,
Mr.Martin Duru.
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