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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: jennifer norman <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 27 Dec 2007 14:22:55 +0100
Subject: Hello


Nice to meet you. As first communication,let me introduce myself to you,My name is Jennifer Norman from Sierra Leone presently residing in Dakar senegal both in Africa.I want to establish a good relationship that i will last long with you.Therefore,i am disclosing this issue to you trusting that you would be confided to and can be of honest assistance to my predicament. I can understand that people from overseas are very much reliable, transparent and completely trustworthy to be involved in a business arrangements. You see, my late father acquired the sum of seven million united states dollars (US$7,000,000)cash. I am interested to invest this money in various projects or any area of business.I hope we will co-operate very happily in the future.Looking forward to hearing from you soonest.In addition,you can reply me through my private email box( so that i will give you my picture and more about me.

Best Regards,jennifer Norman.

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Anti-fraud resources: