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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Sat, 22 Mar 2008 09:42:26 +0100 (CET)

Good day to you, I am Henry M. Paulson, Jr., Secretary of the United States National Treasury. President George W. Bush nominated me to be the 74th Secretary of the Treasury on June 19, 2006.

The United States Senate unanimously confirmed me to the position on June 28, 2006 and I was sworn into office on July 10, 2006 by Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts. As Treasury Secretary, I am the President's leading policy advisor on a broad range of domestic and international economic issues.

Before coming to Treasury, I was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Goldman Sachs. I joined Goldman Sachs in 1974 in the Chicago Office and became a partner in 1982. From 1983 until 1988, I headed up Investment Banking Services for the Midwest Region and became Managing Partner of the Chicago Office in 1988. In 1990, I was named Co-head of the firm's investment Banking Division, and in 1994 I rose to the position of President and Chief Operating Officer. In 1998, I was named Co-Senior partner, and with the firm's public offering in 1999, became Chairman and CEO.

Prior to joining Goldman Sachs, I was a member of the White House Domestic Council, serving as staff Assistant to the President from 1972 to 1973, and as staff Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of Defense at the Pentagon from 1970 to 1972

I graduated from Dartmouth in 1968, where I was a member of Phi Beta Kappa and All Ivy, All East, and honorable mention All American for football. I received an M.B.A. from Harvard in 1970. I and my wife, Wendy, have two children, Amanda and Merritt.
I was notified about the funds desposited in your name with the BARCLAYS BANK in UK. The mentioned bank is known for the safekeeping of special and valuable packages and baggage in trust for reputable clients that are honest and trustworthy. They work in collaboration with top firms and Governments of various countries as they have earned a name as a service whose hallmarks in reliability and confidentiality are revered. International missions and Embassies of the world have used their services to satisfaction.

A benefactor whose identity can not be disclosed because of the Non Circumvention and Non Disclosure Agreement that was signed with the said benefactor when the funds were being deposited in the BARCLAYS BANK UK, made you the beneficiary of a package containing some amount of money and stated clearly that you should only be contacted when the time signed for it to be in our care elapses and the time has already elapsed that is why you are being contacted.

The Non Circumvention and Non Disclosure Agreement signed with the benefactor mandates us to fully divulge and disclose the benefactor's identity 18 months after you; the beneficiary has received the funds.The funds totals $10.000, 000.00 (10 Million Dollars) I shall re-confirm to you are fully free of any liens, or encumbrances and are clean, clear and non-criminal origin and are available in the form of CASH and WIRE TRANSFER You are hereby advised to reconfirm your Full Contact Information for verification with information contained in our computer database as well as other relevant information in the format stated below so that the payment of the funds to you can be carried out immediately.
The Requested Information is to ensure that no mistake or error is made and it should be forwarded in the manner stated below:

Kindly re-confirm to me the followings:

1 First and last name
2 Direct Phone, fax and mobile #.
3 Your Complete Residential address.
4 Occupation
5 Age and Sex
6. A copy of your Driving License or International Passport.
Ensure to fill the above informations and send them to my personal email on
Lastly, you need to understand you are not dealing with me, I have been instructed to contact you and notify you about the payment, you will get further instructions from your next consultant. You are adviced to follow all instructions given to you by my department or any other in regards to the payments as they are legal to ensure that the funds is paid withing the next 3days as given by the International Monetary Funds. I wait your urgent response.
Thanks and God Bless you.
Mr.Henry M. Paulson, Jr.
Executive Secretary, United States Treasury Department
Address: Main Treasury
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20220

You may send U.S. mail to
US Treasury Department.
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue NW
Washington, D.C. 20220
Office Fax: (202) 622-6415
General Tel#:(202) 622-2000
Official E-mail:
Personal E-mail:

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