fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +31625523048 (Netherlands, prepaid mobile phone)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "adrain von" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 2 Jun 2008 07:30:12 -0500
Subject: MEGA PRIME STAATSLOTERIJ PROMOTIONS.
MEGA PRIME STAATSLOTERIJ PROMOTIONS.
In line with the weekly sweepstakes of the above named organization held on
May, 2008.It is our pleasure to inform you that your e-mail address attached
to the above Ref No.Netherland/9420X2/70,Batch No.074/05/ZY345,Serial
No:5368/06,and Award No.02,03,13,16,18,20,23. TicketNos:56475612545 came up
in the first category has won the prize Sum of: 2,000,000.00 (Two Million
Euro) Do contact the details below:
Contact Person: Martin Verdonk
You are advised to provide him with the following information:
Vjertis Von Adrian (Ms)