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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "=?utf-8?q?Dr.=20Peter=20Frank?=" <>
Date: Sat, 3 Jan 2009 21:56:59 +0530 (IST)
Subject: URGENT ...........REPLY

I have a new email address!You can now email me at:

- I know this Mail might have come as a surprise and Embarrassment to you, please take it with Good Faith and Blessing to you and you're Family. I am Dr. Pet er Frank an advocate and Solicitor. I am the personal Attorney to Engr John Smith, a foreigner, who used to work with shell Development Company in Accra-Ghana. On The 21st of April 2004, my client, his wife and their three children were involved in a car accident along Eco was Express Road . All occupants of the vehicle unfortunately lost their lives. Since then I have made several inquiries to his embassy to see if I can locate any of my clients extended relatives, this has all the while proved unsuccessful. After these several unsuccessful attempts, I decided to trace his relatives (i.e. same surname) over the Internet, to locate any member of his family but of no avail, hence I contacted you. I have contacted you to assist in repatriating the money left behind by my client before it is confiscated or declared unserviceable by the bank where this huge deposit were lodged. Particularly, the Bank where the deceased had an account valued at about $7.3 million dollars, has issued me a notice to provide the next of kin to the deceased or have the account confiscated within the next ten official working days. Since I have been unsuccessful in locating the relatives for years, now I seek your consent to present you as the next of kin of the deceased since you are still a foreigner, I agreed that 40% of this money will be for you as a respect to the provision of a foreign account, 10% will be set aside for expenses incurred during the business and 50% would be for me. Thereafter, I will vis it your country for disbursement according to the percentage indicated, and if the 40% is not okay by you kindly let me know, I will like you to call me or indicate your number. All I require is your honest cooperation to enable us seeing this deal through. I guarantee that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law. Please get in touch with me by my email to enable us discuss further. Best regards, Dr. Peter Frank , 87 Osu Street Papa, Accra-Ghana Tel: +233 241101653

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