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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "URGENT PROPOSAL" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 5 Aug 2009 22:16:31 +0200

This is HTML source of message you composed. Do not modify here. To modify this message press HTML Messages Editor button.
I work with a Financial House here in Spain, I need your assistance in repatriating the funds left behind by a late customer
that died with his entire family before it is declared unserviceable within the next 30 days. Every attempt to trace any
member of his family has proved unsuccessful and abortive. I will give you more information upon your response to this proposal.
to my Email address. Email:
Best Regards,
Mr. P .V Bosco

Anti-fraud resources: