fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "contact me immediately" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "urgent assistance" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: David Bamba <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 12 Oct 2009 02:45:55 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: Urgent Assistance From: David Bamba.
Urgent Assistance From: David Bamba.
My Name is David Bamba. I am 22 years old.The only child of Late Chief Mr. Radci Bamba. I am an orphan and I wish to ask for your assistance in the execution of a financial transaction of USD $ 9 Million Dollars which I will like to invest in the any profitable business in your country with your assistance.
I have business which I would like to invest in the transaction and your assistance by receiving the funds on your account in your country. I will liberally like you to contact me immediately for more details through this number +22509214628 or email.
I am waiting for your response for more details .
Thanks and God bless you.