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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "MR YANG XIAO" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 29 Oct 2009 15:31:59 -0700
Subject: Bank of China (Hong Kong).

Dear Friend,

I am Mr. Yang Xiao , an account officer with Bank of China (Hong Kong).

I am requesting for your partnership in re-profiling fund, I will
Give you the details when you reply this mail, but in summary, the
Funds are coming via Bank of China (Hong Kong).
This DEAL is 100% risk free and legitimate, If you are interested to
Assist me, get back to me and I will provide further details and
Instructions .

Thanks for your time .If you are interested please contact me
via this email (

Mr Yang Xiao .

Anti-fraud resources: