fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "is 100% risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "NIGERIA POLICE FORCE (NPF)" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 23 Dec 2009 00:34:29 -0800
Subject: Stop All Further Contact
THE NIGERIA POLICE FORCE (NPF)
Plot 16 Alausa, Ikeja-Lagos.PMB 072 Lagos.
From: Sir. Ogbonna O. Onovo, Inspector General of the Nigeria Police Force.
This is to officially inform you, that it has come to our notice with the help of our Intelligence Monitoring Network System and the Nigeria Financial Intelligent Unit (NFIU) that you are having an illegal transaction with some impostors claiming to be official representatives locally and internationally and for that reason we are sending letter of warning to beneficiaries in other for them not to be a victim of fraud/scam.
Without taking much of your time, my name is Sir. Ogbonna O. Onovo the Inspector General of Police Force (NPF) of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
During our Investigation, we noticed that the reason why you have not received your payment is because you have not fulfilled your financial obligation given to you and also much fee was demanded by these criminals, so we contacted the Federal Ministry of Finance (FMF) on your behalf in other to compensate you financially.
In other to avoid any further complication or deviation you are advice to stop all further contact/communication with this shameless people who are trying to rip out money from you or who are still demanding for more fees.
Since we the Nigeria Police Force is fully involved in this transaction, you are assured that this 100% risk free it is our duty to protect the American Citizens and other citizens from scam.
You are advice to contact the Federal Ministry of Finance (FMF) stating your Contract/Inheritance/compensation Funds value to them to enable them with the remittance of your funds according to the way want it.
HIS CONTACT INFORMATION IS:
Name: Dr. Mansur Muhtar
Kindly contact Federal Ministry of Finance (FMF) today, with the above contact address and send the below information to them, to enable them to remit your funds according to the way you want to receive it.
1. Full Name
2. Home Address
3. Direct Phone Number
4. Current Occupation
5. Your Inheritance/ compensation sum value
6. Amount which you lost previously
7. Age and Sex
Note: this is all that is required from you.
I wish you the best of Luck.
Sir. Ogbnna O. Onovo OON, NPM
Inspector General of Police Force