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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Maria Alberto" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 20 Feb 2010 16:33:35 +0100
Subject: File in For Your Claims

Dear email owner,

We are pleased to notify you the "Winner" of our last Secured Mega Jackpot Online Sweepstakes result. This is a reward program for the patronage of internet services and all email addresses entered for this promotional draws were randomly selected from an internet resource database of registered software and domain users.

Reference Number: IT 623 PC 071
E-ticket number: JJ 1109 /2009-10
Category: A
Amount: Two Million, Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars

You may wish to establish contact with your claims agent via e-mail with the particulars presented below:

Name: Luis Gregor
Phone: +393 271689755

In line with the governing rules of claim, you are requested to furnish Mr. Luis Gregor With the following information:
1. Full name... 2. Address... 3. Occupation. 4. Tel/Fax.... 5.Age....... 6.Winning Ref Number...........

Yours Truly,
Maria Alberto
Event Manager

Anti-fraud resources: