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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Cargill Inc." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 7 Mar 2010 15:09:11 -0800
Subject: Our Ref: CFQC/US/10GRT044

Our Ref: CFQC/US/10GRT044
Your Ref:

Dear Sir/Madam,

Cargill which was founded in 1865 by W.W. Cargill, was conceived with the objective of Human Growth, Education and Community development.
We are pleased to inform you that as part of our 2010 fiscal year promotion, Cargill is donating two hundred million dollars,
towards the Cargill Foundation anniversary as specific cash aid to 100 international recipients worldwide in different categories for business, educational and personal development,
and at least 30% to be use by each for the development of his/her community. For more details about our charitable donations please visit our website at In 2009,
Cargill contributed more than US $58 million to nonprofit and/or nongovernmental organizations, schools and local community organizations in locations where we have a business presence.Based on the random selection exercise from all databases and websites on the internet, you were selected among the recipients to receive the sum of USD 2,000,000.00 (Two Million US dollars) as cash aid. It is therefore my pleasure to officially inform you that you have been chosen By the board of trustees of the Cargill Foundation, as one of the recipients for 2010 Charitable giving for your own personal, educational and business development.

You are required to contact your cash aid documentation officer with the below information, for documentation and processing.

Full Names:
Date of birth:
Contact Address:
Phone number(s):
Marital status:

Cash Aid payments are strictly administered by the respective/authorized payment offices of the Cargill Foundation in North America and United kingdom.
On behalf of the Cargill Foundation, Board of trustees, kindly accept our warmest congratulations.

Yours faithfully,
Dr. Paul Long
© 2010 Cargill, Incorporated.

Anti-fraud resources: