fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "courier service" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr.Kinsley Moghalu."<firstname.lastname@example.org> (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2010 17:42:20 -0800
>From the instruction I received (Today) from CBN Governor Mr.Sanusi Lamido
to contact you back after all the effort you put in this transaction with
the former CBN Governor Prof Charles.s,however I am Rev.Dr.Kinsley Moghalu
the director of ATM MASTER CARD DEPARTMENT intercontinental I am writing
to you as a matter of fact regarding your fund that has been release
today approve by the President of (Nig) along side with (CBN)officials
after our meeting today so this payment will be made through Via ATM CARD
or courier service and bear it in mind that is only $10.5m you will
receive now according to Governor, so you are advice to stop any
communication with any body that claiming to be members of (CBN) further
more you are advices to re-corm firm the following below for.
1) FULL NAME:
3) DIRECT PHONE/OFFICE:
(DIRECTOR OF ATM DEPARTMENT INTERCONTINENTAL)