fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
- find the contact e-mail address of the secretariat. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org we look forward to welcoming you to the caht 2010 summit, (Mynet; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: orginfo mailinfoconf <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 14 Apr 2010 00:32:52 -0700
Subject: INTERNATIONAL 2nd SUMMIT
Dear Friend / Colleagues
On behalf of the 2ND CAHT 2010 Conference Organizing Committee, I am privileged indeed to extend a warm invitation to you to participate in the 2ND Summit on Child Abuse & Human Trafficking (2ND CAHT 2010) to be held in New York, United States of America and Senegal from April 26th 29 and May 3rd 6th 2010.
The summit will bring together professionals and researchers to unravel different aspects of the theme Child Abuse and human trafficking: Looking Through the Lens of Prevention in recognition of the need to focus attention on the creation of holistic approaches that engage children and families, communities, professionals, business and governments in preventing child abuse and human trafficking The Conference will also provide an opportunity for the delegates to network and share ideas.
Your participation at this 2ND Summit Conference will contribute to the fulfillment of this need and to achieving your Section Strategic Plan Objectives, and is therefore greatly appreciated.
In order to facilitate your logistical and administrative preparations, please contact the secretariat for more information. Below you will find the contact E-mail address of the secretariat. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
We look forward to welcoming you to the CAHT 2010 summit, and to what will prove to be an unforgettable event.
Alodie Ilisapesi MS.