fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a "New Partner from Paraguay" scam.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Josh Newhard"<email@example.com> (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 2 Dec 2010 17:17:31 -0000
Subject: Good News For You!!
COMPLIMENT OF THE SEASON.
This is Dr. Josh Newhard writing to you once again,
Thank you for the assistance rendered to me when i was really in need, it is a thing of joy to inform you that finally, I have succeeded in collecting the money at Long last.
Hope this mail find you in an excellent condition of health. I'm happy to inform you about my success in getting those funds transferred under the co-operation of a new partner from South Korea. Presently I'm in South Korea for investment projects with my own share of the total sum.
Meanwhile I didn't forget your past efforts and attempts to assist me in transferring those funds that later failed some how, I have compensated you with the sum of $1.5M, One million five hundred thousand dollars. Now contact Barrister Nana Kwesi my lawyer in Ghana and his email address is(firstname.lastname@example.org) ask him to send the money to you the sum of $1.5, One million five hundred thousand dollars which I kept for your compensation for all your past efforts and attempts to assist me in this matter. I appreciated your efforts at that time very much. So feel free and get in touch with him and instruct him where to send the amount to you.
Please do let me know immediately if you receive it so that we can share the joy after all the sufferings at that time. I'm very busy here WITH MY new investment projects which me and the new partner are having at hand. This Money, I have left it for you to Barrister Nana Kwesi,I have tried many times to talk to you on phone but you could not respond and I have no time for myself because we are very busy now.