fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "contact me immediately" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Rev.Dr.Hans Baers" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 6 Mar 2011 08:29:13 -0800
Subject: call me today
I want to assure you that there is light at the end of the tunnel after all the disappointment and frustrations that you have gone through in the hands of the fraudsters and impostors.The good news is that you can still receive your beneficiary payment if you do the right thing.Please do not allow anybody to deceive and defraud you again.I am the only person with the constitutional power and authority to transfer your beneficiary payment.Without my signature no beneficiary will ever receive one cent from CBN.All the powers to transfer any beneficiary payment belongs to me and to no one else.There is only one genuine Director of Finance and that is me and no other person.
The only way I can prove myself is to transfer your funds into your account within 24hours that you have fulfilled CBN/ministry of Finance transfer condition.You have suffered enough in the hands of the fraudsters.It is now time for you to see the light and receive your beneficiary payment.Stop listening to all the stupid,baseless and senseless stories from the fraudsters as to the reasons why your beneficiary payment is being delayed.
They are not telling you the truth.
The plain truth is that they do not have the power to effect your beneficiary payment.I am responsible for withholding your beneficiary payment file,so if you like pay,pay, pay to the fraudsters until you are tired and frustrated of paying, you will still not receive one dollar until you adhere strictly to this genuine CBN/ministry of Finance transfer conditions.Contact me immediately you receive this letter through email if you are serious about receiving your legacy payment.I will effect your transfer within 24hours that you have contacted me.To this end you are advice to stop any form of communication with any one regarding your payment except through me and you are expected to attach to this email your proof of identity either a copy of your international passport or driver's licence for identification, your mobile telephone number for proper/prompt and speedy communication which is the bedrock of this transaction,