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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Joseph Poon" <>
Date: Mon, 7 Mar 2011 20:14:12 +0800
Subject: Business offer

Dear Sir/Madam,

I am Mr. Joseph Poon, Director of Operations of the Hang Seng Bank Ltd.I have
an obscured business proposal for you.I am here-by seeking your service in
helping me receive a large amount of money and in giving a clear research and
feasibility studies on areas I could invest on.Your services will be paid for
and you will be a partner, if you are interested reach me by Sending me your
NAME:....Country..... and Age:.......

Kind Regards,
Mr Joseph Poon

Anti-fraud resources: