fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Dossou Fafa <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 8 Mar 2011 10:08:16 -0800 (PST)
Subject: GOLD DUST FOR SALE contact marcel.bakari for your fco
I am writing to you at this time to advertise the availability of our product, 22 Karat Gold dust quantities. As I represent my entire family here in Burkina-Faso, following information concerning our Gold:
I am contacting you for a good business relationship, we deal directly with buyers, and our procedure is very simple,
Furthermore I will like to invite you down here in Burkina-Faso in order to build trust before we do any transaction, and you shall inspect our commodity, warehouse here in Burkina-Faso and then take some sample from our Gold for test, our current FCO will be made available to you upon your request.
We are currently seeking outside-based serious investors in a partnership basis or a good buyer for our producet.
You need to be 100% comfortable with us before we move further, trust is not build in a day and moreover Africa has a very bad reputation, we need to see who we are dealing with, transaction on internet are not 100% safe, anybody can claim to be anything on the internet to get what he/she want.
If you have any question or anything you need to know about our commodity donât hesitate to contact Mr Marcel Bakari for the family. at
Marcel Bakari for the family.
Looking forward to hear from you.