fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "will come to you as a surprise" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
Fraud email example:
From: Microsoft Notification <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 31 Mar 2011 11:42:24 +0200
Subject: Online Sweepstakes!!!
(UK. Regional Office)
Kensington London W85SP.
Data File Number: Un1267-2011
It is obvious that this notification will come to you as a surprise,
Please find time to read it carefully as we congratulate you,following
official publication of results of the E-mail electronic online
Sweepstakes organized by Microsoft,in conjunction with the United Kingdon
held this month of march 2011,in United kingdom, A Draft of
£1,000,000.00 (One Million British Pound Sterlings) will be issued in
your name. For Validation Purpose,Please Forward The Following
Information as Listed Below and Send It To Our Event Manager Office For
SEND DETAILS FOR VALIDATION:
Promotion Director : Mrs Gloria West.
Contact Email: email@example.com
This message was sent using IMP, the Internet Messaging Program.