fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dearest one," (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Riah Yak" <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 21 Apr 2011 02:17:12 +0100
Subject: I Need Your Trust And Guardian.
Greetings to you. My name is Miss. Riah Justin YAK,I am 25 years of age,
from Southern Sudan.I want to confide in you, I need to
tell you more things, because I need your help to stand as my trustee.
My father Dr. Justin YAK Arop was the former Minister for SPLA Affairs and
Special Adviser to President Salva Kiir of South Sudan for Decentralization.
My father Dr. Justin YAK and my mother including other top Military officers
and top government officials where on board with the plane crashed on Friday
May 02, 2008. You can read more about the crash through the below site:
Some months after the burial of my parent, my uncle conspired with my step
mother and sold my father's properties to a Chinese Expatriate. On a
faithful morning I opened my father's briefcase and found out some vital
documents which my beloved late father used in deposit some Money and
GOLD DUST worth 250KG 22 carat alluvial Gold Dust which was deposited in
a Finance& Security company in Burkina Faso , under my name as the next of kin
beneficiary, this is the reason why I traveled down here in Burkina Faso to withdraw
the money so that I can start a better life and take care of myself.
The great disappointment when i arrived here in burkina faso, the director
of the finance company whom I met in person told me that my present status
does not permit me by the local law to clear money or make a transfer of
money into an account, he advice me to provide a trustee who will help me to
receive the money into an international bank account or I should wait till
when I will get married then i can come for the claim with my husband as it
was demanded by their Authority..
I have chosen to contact you after my prayers and I believe that you will
not betray my trust. But rather take me as your own blood sister and help
me. Though you maybe wondering why I am so soon revealing myself to you
without knowing you, well, I will say that my mind convinced me that you are
the true person to help me. More so, I will like to disclose much to you if
you can help me to relocate to your country because my uncle has threatened
to assassinate me if care is not taken. The amount involve is $4.5 Million
USD and I have confirmed from the Finance and security here in Burkina Faso.
However, you will help by recommending a nice University in your country so
that I can complete my studies. It is my intention to compensate you with
15% of the total money and GOLD for your services and the balance shall be
my capital in your establishment ,so as soon as I receive your interest towards
helping me, I will quickly put things into action immediately and in the light of
the above, I shall appreciate an urgent message indicating your ability and willingness
to handle this transaction sincerely. Please do keep this only to your self.
I beg you not to disclose it till i come over to your country after the transfer hits your
bank account because I am afraid of my wicked uncle who must not know about this.
Thanks with lots of regards to your family.
Riah Justin YAK.