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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: vivian koroma <>
Date: Fri, 17 Jun 2011 08:03:07 +0000
Subject: Bonjour

mon nom est Macy, j'ai vu votre profil aujourd'hui à ( et ramasser des intérêts sur vous, je souhaite être
inlove relation avec vous. S'il vous plaît contactez-moi à travers ce mon
e-mail ( afin que je puisse vous envoyer mes photos et
aussi vous en dire plus sur moi-même.

my name is macy, i saw your profile here today at(
and pick interest on you i wish to be inlove relationship with you. please
contact me through this my e-mail ( so that i can send
you my pictures and also tell you more about myself.

Anti-fraud resources: