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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "ING Bank" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 5 Jul 2011 14:14:54 +0200
Subject: Je hebt 1 nieuw bericht (en)

ING Bank Limited
ING Bank

Geachte klant,

U hebt een ongelezen bericht op uw internetbankieren rekening.

Bekijk uw bericht


The Internet banking Team

Moving Forward
(c) 2011 Mijn ING, Alle rechten voorbehouden. Privacy Policy | Legal Disclaimer
ING Bank Limited (Reg. No. 1962/000738/06). Authorised financial services provider. Registered credit provider (NCRCP15).

Disclaimer and confidentiality note:
Everything in this email and any attachments relating to the official business of ING Bank Group Limited is proprietary to the group.
It is confidential, legally privileged and protected by law. ING Bank does not own and endorse any other content.
The person addressed in the email is the sole authorised recipient.
Please notify the sender immediately if it has unintentionally reached you and do not read disclose or use the content in any way.

ING Bank cannot assume that the integrity of this communication has been maintained nor that it is free of errors, virus, interception or interference.
For our privacy policy or information about the ING Bank group visit our website at

Anti-fraud resources: