fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "INTERNATIONAL EUROMILLIONES GAMES" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 4 Aug 2011 00:00:45 +0200
Subject: **CONGRATULATIONS, YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS WON**2011 THE SUPER ENALOTTO**
CONGRATULATIONS, YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS WON THE PRIZE OF 728,515.67 EUROS INTHE EURO MILLIONS ELECTRONIC WINNING PRIZE.
OFFICIAL NOTICE OF WIN!
We are pleased to inform you that you are one of the 5 lucky winners in the Euro Milliones Lottery International Email Address held 27/07/2011 year, among the names and email addresses from all over world, the result has been obtained, the 29/06/2011. All 5 winning addresses were selected at random from the party 50.000.000 international addresses e-mail. Address your e-mail fell into 2 categories in Euro Milliones Lottery Draw. The winner of this category must be paid ? 728.515,67. The following information - your personal data for the application of win:
(1) Winning number: 19-36-38-44-46
(2) Serial No: EGL/417331247/11
(3) Ticket No: 474 589 747.
(4) Star No: ESP-18600MU/111/EU
(5) Reference No: LOTTO/EU2/DL/ESP/2011
Foreign Agent: Carlos Perez Fernando.
Email Address: email@example.com
Contact Phone: 00-34-603-161-098.
3. phone number.
(Foreign Affairs Secretary General)