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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: esther kayumba <>
Date: Tue, 5 Jul 2011 06:58:12 -0700 (PDT)
Subject: hello

Hello my dear,

you are doing fine over there.My name is Esther. I just want to let you
know that l saw your email contact when i was browsing and searching
for relationship,hope you don't mind.

If you are interested in knowing more about me and for me to send you my

picture,just feel free to contact me at my private mail address

hope to hear from you soon,

have a nice day and stay blessed.


Anti-fraud resources: