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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Alejandro Vinza <>
Date: Sat, 27 Aug 2011 22:45:39 +0100 (BST)


I am Agent Alejandro Vinza and am here in Nigeria as an FBI delegate that has been delegated to investigate this fraudsters who are in the business of swindling the citizens of out great nation America.Please be informed that during my investigation i got to find out that there is a huge sum of $15 million that has been assigned in your name and this fraudsters are busy swindling you without any hope of receiving your fund.

NOTE: The only fee you were suppose to pay from the beginning is the sum of $350 meant for logistics before the transfer of your fund can commence depending on how you want the transfer made to you.

The transfer can be done in three ways;

1)Through Bank to Bank wire transfer.

2)Through ATM card to be shipped to you through the courier service.

3)As a Bank Draft/Cheque to be delivered to you also through the courier service.
Get back to me urgently with the details before for urgent transfer of your fund to you without delay.


I shall expect your response as soon as you receive this email.

Best Regard,

Agent Alejandro Vinza.


Confidentiality Notice: The information in this e-mail and any attachments thereto is intended for the recipient(s) only. This e-mail, including any attachments, may contain information that is privileged and confidential and subject to legal restrictions and penalties regarding its unauthorized disclosure or other use. If you are not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any disclosure, copying, distribution, or the taking of any action or inaction in reliance on the contents of this e-mail and any of its attachments is STRICTLY PROHIBITED. If you have received this e-mail in error, please immediately notify the sender via return e-mail; delete this e-mail and all attachments from your e-mail system and your computer system and network; and destroy any paper copies you may have in your possession. Thank you for your cooperation.

Anti-fraud resources: