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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Duke Justin" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 29 Aug 2011 00:00:45 +0200

Dear Sir or Madam,
I am glad to take the chance to introduce my self to you,
I am Duke Justin 22 years old from South Sudan, I would
like to invest in your company/country but I don't know
if you will be able to help/assist me. This is my reason
of contacting you to know if you will be able to assist me.

I have $25 Million United States Dollars to invest in any
profitable business in your company/country. This funds
is right now in a security volt in Europe. If you have
interest in this business/transaction please, let me know
so that I will furnish you with the full details.

Thanks for taking the time to read my mail, awaiting your
positive response showing interest in investing in your
company. send me mail at

Duke Justin

Anti-fraud resources: